South Dakota Room Rental Agreement

South Dakota courts accept oral and written agreements, but it’s always better to have a written contract. It helps both parties know where they stand. It also makes it much easier to refer to any rules in the agreement when there’s a disagreement.

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South Dakota Room Rental Agreement

This rental agreement becomes even more crucial with room rentals, as often the tenant isn’t the only occupant in the house. A South Dakota room rental agreement must outline various terms and clauses. However, you should also comply with the law. That’s why we discuss the legal aspect of this agreement on this page.

A rental contract is a legal agreement that becomes enforceable once both parties sign it. Lessors use this document when they lease a single room in a house to a tenant. This room can be a guest room in their home or a shared house with multiple lessees.

It differs from an informal roommate agreement between lessees, as the lessor is involved with this contract. However, as tenants share the house with other occupants, like the landlord or other tenants, there are some restrictions to this type of rental.

Access to the Room

  • With this agreement, the room becomes the private residence of the tenant. They have the right to quiet enjoyment of the room.
  • The lessor can’t enter the room without the proper notice of 24 hours. They can only enter the room with the lessee’s consent and at a reasonable time. 
  • As the lessee shared the house with other occupants, more access restrictions might exist. Common areas are generally accessible to the tenant unless they rent a room at the landlord’s private residence. Then, it might be more restrictive.
  • Lessees might have limited access to common areas that aren’t the bathroom or kitchen. However, it depends on the type of house they’re staying in and the landlord’s discretion.

Guest & Pets Policy

  • Guests who stay too long can become tenants. Landlords often have strict guest policies to prevent that from happening, especially in a shared house.
  • Guests can only stay over for a specific number of nights. South Dakota doesn’t have specific laws on when a guest becomes a tenant. As such, it’s up to the lessor to decide how many nights they can stay over.
  • Guests might also not have access to all of the common areas, or there might be noise restrictions.
  • Pets are generally not allowed, as lessees share the house with other occupants. However, if the lessor enables it, it’ll generally be with the consent of the other occupants. 
  • Usually, there are pet restrictions, like behavioral guidelines, size limits, and hygiene rules.
  • Service animals are the exception, as landlords must accommodate them without additional fees.

Security Deposit Regulations

  • Lessors may request up to one (1) month’s rent as the security deposit.
  • A lessor must return the security deposit within two (2) weeks of the rental ending. However, if there are deductions, the landlord must also provide an itemized list of deductions within 45 days.